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Ancient History Of Jammu And Kashmir Pdf

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Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

Jammu district derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state, is known as the city of temples. It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond. This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance. Jammu is situated on a hillock, on the bank of river Tawi and is bound by Udhampur district in the north and northeast , Kathua district in the east and southeast, Pakistan Sialkote in west and Rajauri district and POK Bhimber in the northwest. Its skyline was once dotted with glittering spires of temples.

I n Indian public imagination, the history of Jammu and Kashmir begins in It might seem today that the fundamental problem in Kashmir is the lack of genuine political representation. But even a quick overview of Kashmiri history by local historians shows that this has always been the case. While the ruling clans kept changing, a large number of Kashmiris in the past 1, years continued to feel they were un-represented and suppressed. Kashmiri historian Khalid Bashir Ahmad does a spectacular job of highlighting this conflict in his book, Kashmir: Exposing the Myth Behind the Narrative.

Kashmir has history of years, intermittently ruled by outsiders. The history of Kashmir is mainly divided into four periods:. Shah Mir ascended the throne under the name of Sultan Shamasud-din, and his dynasty ruled the state for years. Firishta records that he persecuted the Hindus and issued orders prohibiting the residence of any other than Muslims in Kashmir. He also ordered the breaking of all golden and silver images. During the period of Mughal rule from to , the people enjoyed peace and order. Akbar built a new town near Hariparbat and called it Nagar-Magar and built the massive wall around the hill.

History of Kashmir

Since , India and Pakistan have been locked in conflict over Kashmir, a majority-Muslim region in the northernmost part of India. The mountainous, 86,square-mile territory was once a princely state. Now, it is claimed by both India and Pakistan. From the 17th to the 20th century, Britain ruled most of the Indian subcontinent, first indirectly through the British East India Company, then from directly through the British crown. Britain had historically had separate electorates for Muslim citizens and reserved some political seats specifically for Muslims; that not only hemmed Muslims into a minority status, but fueled a growing Muslim separatist movement.

The history of Kashmir is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of Central Asia , South Asia and East Asia. Historically, Kashmir referred to the Kashmir Valley. In the first half of the 1st millennium, the Kashmir region became an important centre of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later in the ninth century, Shaivism arose. Islamization in Kashmir took place during 13th to 15th century and led to the eventual decline of the Kashmir Shaivism in Kashmir. However, the achievements of the previous civilizations were not lost.

Western districts of the former princely state known as Azad Kashmir and the northern territories known as Gilgit-Baltistan have been under Pakistani control since Below is the tabular description of the latest Administrative Structure of Jammu and Kashmir. Enjoy Reading. The Jammu and Kashmir is a state of India, located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. Each district under the administrative control of a District Collector.


Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education Srinagar/ Jammu. Phone The book that you will study this year will take you back to our ancient pasts. In.


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At the time of the partition of India and the political integration of India , Hari Singh , the ruler of the state, delayed making a decision about the future of his state. However, an uprising in the western districts of the state followed by an attack by raiders from the neighbouring Northwest Frontier Province , supported by Pakistan, forced his hand. On 26 October , Hari Singh acceded to India in return for the Indian military being airlifted to Kashmir to engage the Pakistan-supported forces, starting the Kashmir conflict [4] The western and northern districts presently known as Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan passed to the control of Pakistan, while the remaining territory remained under Indian control as the Indian-administered union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

The Kashmir conflict: How did it start?

Jammu and Kashmir

 Отсюда выглядит просто отлично. - Да ну тебя, Чед, - засмеялась.  - Я гожусь тебе в матери. Могла бы не напоминать, - подумал .

 Увы, я не знаю, как это делается. Я вызвал скорую. Беккер вспомнил синеватый шрам на груди Танкадо. - Быть может, искусственное дыхание делали санитары. - Да нет, конечно! - Клушар почему-то улыбнулся.  - Какой смысл хлестать мертвую кобылу. Парень был уже мертв, когда прибыла скорая.

В задней ее части располагались двенадцать терминалов, образуя совершенную окружность. Такая форма их размещения должна была способствовать интеллектуальному общению криптографов, напоминая им, что они всего лишь члены многочисленной команды - своего рода рыцари Круглого стола взломщиков кодов. По иронии судьбы в Третьем узле секреты не очень-то любили. Нареченный Детским манежем, Третий узел ничем не напоминал стерильную атмосферу остальной части шифровалки. Его обстановка напоминала домашнюю - мягкий ковер, высокотехнологичная звуковая система, холодильник, полный напитков и всяческой еды, маленькая кухня и даже баскетбольное кольцо. В отношении шифровалки в АНБ сложилась своеобразная философия.

[Updated] Jammu & Kashmir GK & GS 2021: SSC, State level GK Questions in PDF & More!

Current Affairs for UPSC IAS

Участники движения за гражданские свободы торжествовали и настаивали на том, что АНБ ни при каких обстоятельствах не должно читать их почту. Программы компьютерного кодирования раскупались как горячие пирожки. Никто не сомневался, что АНБ проиграло сражение. Цель была достигнута. Все глобальное электронное сообщество было обведено вокруг пальца… или так только. ГЛАВА 5 Куда все подевались? - думала Сьюзан, идя по пустому помещению шифровалки.  - Ничего себе чрезвычайная ситуация.

Jammu and Kashmir History Questions Free PDF | Download Now

 - У меня к вам предложение.

Вы говорите, что находитесь в центре, верно. Вы знаете отель Альфонсо Тринадцатый. Один из лучших в городе.

Коммандер не отпускал .

Что вам. Беккер понял, что ему следовало заранее отрепетировать разговор, прежде чем колотить в дверь. Он искал нужные слова. - У вас есть кое-что, что я должен получить.

Kashmir was never just a 1947 problem, it is a 5,000-year old battle of histories

1 Comments

Corinne G. 18.12.2020 at 22:15

Jammu and Kashmir , union territory of India until October 31, , a state , located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges.

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