File Name: human rights in pakistan and causes of its violation .zip
With continued violence in Kashmir and a heightened threat of terrorist activity by Pakistan-based militant groups, tensions and concerns over a serious military confrontation between nuclear-armed neighbors India and Pakistan remain high. In August , following a deployment of tens of thousands of additional troops and paramilitary forces to the region, the Indian government moved to revoke Article of the Indian constitution, removing the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. India-administered Kashmir remains under lockdown , with internet and phone services intermittently cutoff and thousands of people detained.
The authorities intensified their crackdown on the right to freedom of expression. Enforced disappearances remained pervasive, with no one held accountable for them. The government failed to uphold its commitments to legislate against torture and enforced disappearances. Violence against women and girls remained widespread. Parliament blocked attempts to restrict child marriage.
The United Kingdom established its presence in South Asia in the early part of the 17th century. In , the administration of the country was handed over to the British government. Opposition to British rule began at the turn of the 20th century. Although vigorous efforts were made to include Muslims in the Indian nationalist movement, concern for Muslim political rights led to the formation of the Muslim League in The concept of Pakistan, a Muslim nation distinct from Hindu India, was introduced in the s, as fear grew among Indian Muslims of becoming a minority in Hindu India.
To understand the situation we have to go back in Pakistani and Western history. Pakistan is for the West an important geo-political ally. It is the country which harbours Al-Qaida and Taliban fighters who are fought against with all military means. The Green Party knows that peace is not brought by war. Therefore, the civil government and the civil society in Pakistan have to be strengthened within by changing discriminatory laws in the Pakistani constitution. The invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet army in helped the unpopular dictator Zia ul Haq to strengthen his power.
The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights. The Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court , separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary , independent Human Rights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. However these clauses are not respected in practice. Khawaja Nazimuddin, the 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan , stated: "I do not agree that religion is a private affair of the individual nor do I agree that in an Islamic state every citizen has identical rights, no matter what his caste, creed or faith be". In response to rising sectarian and religious violence, the Pakistani government has unveiled several high-profile efforts to reduce tension and support religious pluralism, giving new authority to the National Commission for Minorities and creating a Minister for Minority Affairs post. Nonetheless, religious violence and intimidation, as well as periodic charges of blasphemy, have occurred. Although Pakistan was created to uphold the principles of democracy, military coups in Pakistan are commonplace, and for most of its history after independence has been ruled by military dictators who declare themselves president.
Every political party shall account for the source of its funds in accordance with law. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of fundamental rights to be void. Any law, or any custom or usage having the force of law, in so far as it is inconsistent with the rights conferred by this Chapter, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.
Events of Military police wearing the insignia of the new National Guard stand in a display of force at an immigration checkpoint in El Manguito, south of Tapachula, Mexico, on Wednesday, June 19, Impunity remains the norm. Laws enacted in could help address the problems of torture and disappearances, but implementation lags.
Events of Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology.
Article 10 protects your right to hold your own opinions and to express them freely without government interference. This includes the right to express your views aloud for example through public protest and demonstrations or through:. The law also protects your freedom to receive information from other people by, for example, being part of an audience or reading a magazine. Public authorities may restrict this right if they can show that their action is lawful, necessary and proportionate in order to:. An authority may be allowed to restrict your freedom of expression if, for example, you express views that encourage racial or religious hatred. They must be free to criticise the government and our public institutions without fear of prosecution — this is a vital feature of a democratic society. But that doesn't prevent the state from imposing restrictions on the media in order to protect other human rights, such as a person's right to respect for their private life.
Он прекрасно знал, что левой рукой стрелял так же плохо, как и правой, к тому же правая рука была ему нужна, чтобы поддерживать равновесие. Грохнуться с этой лестницы означало до конца дней остаться калекой, а его представления о жизни на пенсии никак не увязывались с инвалидным креслом. Сьюзан, ослепленная темнотой шифровалки, спускалась, не отрывая руки от плеча Стратмора. Даже в полуметре от шефа она не видела очертаний его фигуры. Всякий раз, ступая на очередную ступеньку, она носком туфли первым делом старалась нащупать ее край. К ней снова вернулись страхи, связанные с новой попыткой найти ключ Хейла в Третьем узле.
Нужно выключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ. У нас… - Он нас сделал, - сказал Стратмор, не поднимая головы. - Танкадо обманул всех. По его тону ей стало ясно, что он все понял.
В ослепительной вспышке света коммандер Тревор Стратмор из человека превратился сначала в едва различимый силуэт, а затем в легенду. Взрывной волной Сьюзан внесло в кабинет Стратмора, и последним, что ей запомнилось, был обжигающий жар. ГЛАВА 106 К окну комнаты заседаний при кабинете директора, расположенной высоко над куполом шифровалки, прильнули три головы. От раздавшегося взрыва содрогнулся весь комплекс Агентства национальной безопасности. Лиланд Фонтейн, Чед Бринкерхофф и Мидж Милкен в безмолвном ужасе смотрели на открывшуюся их глазам картину.
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The document outlines the human rights that all people are entitled to such as freedom from torture, freedom of expression, and the right to seek asylum.