File Name: teaching vocabulary strategies and techniques .zip
So, here are 10 great ways to teach English vocabulary, outlined for each of the stages of vocabulary acquisition: Stage 1: Noticing and understanding new words. Pin this to save for later! Vocabulary games 36 Teaching word parts and word chunks 37 Teaching word formation and word combination 37 Teaching lexical chunks 37 Teaching phrasal verbs 41 Teaching idioms 42 How to test vocabulary
Vocabulary is the knowledge of words and word meanings. As Steven Stahl puts it, "Vocabulary knowledge is knowledge; the knowledge of a word not only implies a definition, but also implies how that word fits into the world. Instruction in vocabulary involves far more than looking up words in a dictionary and using the words in a sentence. Vocabulary is acquired incidentally through indirect exposure to words and intentionally through explicit instruction in specific words and word-learning strategies. According to Michael Graves , there are four components of an effective vocabulary program:. The National Reading Panel concluded that there is no single research-based method for teaching vocabulary. From its analysis, the panel recommended using a variety of direct and indirect methods of vocabulary instruction.
Undoubtedly, you remember the teaching strategies your instructors used for vocabulary: you would copy down definitions into notebooks and then for homework rewrite each word for what felt like a million times. We can probably all agree that passive learning is not an effective teaching strategy to instruct vocabulary. Students need multiple exposures to a word before they can fully understand it. They also need to learn new words in context by reading. Teachers can emphasize active processing by having students connect new meanings to words they already know. The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it.
Words are powerful. We know that young children acquire vocabulary indirectly, first by listening when others speak or read to them, and then by using words to talk to others. As children begin to read and write, they acquire more words through understanding what they are reading and then incorporate those words into their speaking and writing. Vocabulary knowledge varies greatly among learners. The word knowledge gap between groups of children begins before they enter school. Why do some students have a richer, fuller vocabulary than some of their classmates? Children who have been encouraged by their parents to ask questions and to learn about things and ideas come to school with oral vocabularies many times larger than children from disadvantaged homes.
Vocabulary learning is very necessary and an indispensable part of any language learning process. In the ESL context, vocabulary not only supports the four language skills; listening, speaking, reading, and writing, but also mediates between ESL students and content-area classes in that the students often find that lack of vocabulary knowledge is an obstacle to learning. Teaching English for Young Learners. Retrieved on 07 January The Importance of Vocabulary.
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In addition, general guidelines for teaching vocabulary and a variety of instructional strategies are offered. Students who struggle to acquire new vocabulary may.