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For the shortcoming of fuzzy c -means algorithm FCM needing to know the number of clusters in advance, this paper proposed a new self-adaptive method to determine the optimal number of clusters. Firstly, a density-based algorithm was put forward.

The fuzzy clustering algorithm has been widely used in the research area and production and life. However, the conventional fuzzy algorithms have a disadvantage of high computational complexity.

Cluster analysis

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Breast cancer is the second largest cause of cancer deaths among women. At the same time, it is also among the most curable cancer types if it can be diagnosed early. This paper presents a novel hybrid intelligent method for recognition of breast cancer tumors. The proposed method includes three main modules: the feature extraction module, the classifier module, and the optimization module. In the feature extraction module, fuzzy features are proposed as the efficient characteristic of the patterns. In the classifier module, because of the promising generalization capability of support vector machines SVM , a SVM-based classifier is proposed.

Motivation: Fuzzy c-means clustering is widely used to identify cluster structures in high-dimensional datasets, such as those obtained in DNA microarray and quantitative proteomics experiments. One of its main limitations is the lack of a computationally fast method to set optimal values of algorithm parameters. Wrong parameter values may either lead to the inclusion of purely random fluctuations in the results or ignore potentially important data. The optimal solution has parameter values for which the clustering does not yield any results for a purely random dataset but which detects cluster formation with maximum resolution on the edge of randomness. Results: Estimation of the optimal parameter values is achieved by evaluation of the results of the clustering procedure applied to randomized datasets. In this case, the optimal value of the fuzzifier follows common rules that depend only on the main properties of the dataset. Taking the dimension of the set and the number of objects as input values instead of evaluating the entire dataset allows us to propose a functional relationship determining the fuzzifier directly.

Unsupervised Learning and Clustering

The fuzzy clustering algorithm has been widely used in the research area and production and life. However, the conventional fuzzy algorithms have a disadvantage of high computational complexity. This article proposes an improved fuzzy C-means FCM algorithm based on K-means and principle of granularity. This algorithm is aiming at solving the problems of optimal number of clusters and sensitivity to the data initialization in the conventional FCM methods. The initialization stage of the K-medoid cluster, which is different from others, has a strong representation and is capable of detecting data with different sizes. Meanwhile, through the combination of the granular computing and FCM, the optimal number of clusters is obtained by choosing accurate validity functions.

Data clustering: a review

To organize the wide variety of data sets automatically and acquire accurate classification, this paper presents a modified fuzzy c -means algorithm SP-FCM based on particle swarm optimization PSO and shadowed sets to perform feature clustering. SP-FCM introduces the global search property of PSO to deal with the problem of premature convergence of conventional fuzzy clustering, utilizes vagueness balance property of shadowed sets to handle overlapping among clusters, and models uncertainty in class boundaries. This new method uses Xie-Beni index as cluster validity and automatically finds the optimal cluster number within a specific range with cluster partitions that provide compact and well-separated clusters. Experiments show that the proposed approach significantly improves the clustering effect.

Improved FCM Algorithm Based on K-Means and Granular Computing

Comparison of Fuzzy Clustering Methods and Their Applications to Geophysics Data

Cluster analysis or clustering is the task of grouping a set of objects in such a way that objects in the same group called a cluster are more similar in some sense to each other than to those in other groups clusters. It is a main task of exploratory data mining , and a common technique for statistical data analysis , used in many fields, including pattern recognition , image analysis , information retrieval , bioinformatics , data compression , computer graphics and machine learning. Cluster analysis itself is not one specific algorithm , but the general task to be solved. It can be achieved by various algorithms that differ significantly in their understanding of what constitutes a cluster and how to efficiently find them.

Machine Learning Techniques for Multimedia pp Cite as. Unsupervised learning is very important in the processing of multimedia content as clustering or partitioning of data in the absence of class labels is often a requirement. This chapter begins with a review of the classic clustering techniques of k -means clustering and hierarchical clustering. Modern advances in clustering are covered with an analysis of kernel-based clustering and spectral clustering. One of the most popular unsupervised learning techniques for processing multimedia content is the self-organizing map, so a review of self-organizing maps and variants is presented in this chapter. The absence of class labels in unsupervised learning makes the question of evaluation and cluster quality assessment more complicated than in supervised learning. So this chapter also includes a comprehensive analysis of cluster validity assessment techniques.

Clustering is the process of partitioning elements into a number of groups clusters such that elements in the same cluster are more similar than elements in different clusters. Clustering has been applied in a wide variety of fields, ranging from medical sciences, economics, computer sciences, engineering, social sciences, to earth sciences [1,2], reflecting its important role in scientific research. With several hundred clustering methods in existence [3], there is clearly no shortage of clustering algorithms but, at the same time, satisfactory answers to some basic questions are still to come. Clustering methods are nowadays essential tools for the analysis of gene expression data, becoming routinely used in many research projects [4]. Many papers have shown that genes or proteins of similar function cluster together [], and clustering methods have been used to solve many problems of biological nature. One of the most interesting of these problems is related to disease subtyping , i.

PDF | The adoption of triangular fuzzy sets to define Strong Fuzzy Partitions (​points of separation between cluster projections on eration of a well-formed triangular fuzzy set (red In IEEE, editor, 18th International Conference or compactness–separability, do not allow to find the optimal partition.

Text Segmentation in Web Images Using Color Perception and Topological Features

It includes contributions from diverse areas of soft computing such as uncertain computation, Z-information processing, neuro-fuzzy approaches, evolutionary computing and others. The topics of the papers include theory of uncertainty computation; theory and application of soft computing; decision theory with imperfect information; neuro-fuzzy technology; image processing with soft computing; intelligent control; machine learning; fuzzy logic in data analytics and data mining; evolutionary computing; chaotic systems; soft computing in business, economics and finance; fuzzy logic and soft computing in the earth sciences; fuzzy logic and soft computing in engineering; soft computing in medicine, biomedical engineering and the pharmaceutical sciences; and probabilistic and statistical reasoning in the social and educational sciences. The book covers new ideas from theoretical and practical perspectives in economics, business, industry, education, medicine, the earth sciences and other fields. In addition to promoting the development and application of soft computing methods in various real-life fields, it offers a useful guide for academics, practitioners, and graduates in fuzzy logic and soft computing fields. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents.

David J. Miller, Carl A. Fuzzy clustering algorithms are helpful when there exists a dataset with subgroupings of points having indistinct boundaries and overlap between the clusters. Traditional methods have been extensively studied and used on real-world data, but require users to have some knowledge of the outcome a priori in order to determine how many clusters to look for.

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