File Name: theories and models of supervision .zip
Business owners have a key responsibility in supervising and managing employees. There are three models and theories on supervision that have become widely popular: theory X, theory Y and theory Z. While these three models take different approaches to supervision, skilled and experienced managers can combine elements of each and to apply different models to varying workplace situations. The hierarchy of needs was proposed by Abraham Maslow to describe the personal and professional needs all humans innately strive toward. There are five levels of needs: physical, safety, social, self-esteem and self-actualization.
British Journal of Administrative Management Change management excellence: using the four intelligences for successful organisational change. He Talked to the Journal. Academy of Management Perspectives. Requirements for Successful Organizational Change Cummings and Worley Organization Development and Change, describe a comprehensive, five-phase, general process for managing change, including: 1 motivating change, 2 creating vision, 3 developing political support, 4 managing the transition and 5 sustaining momentum. Organizational culture is maintained through a process known as attraction-selection-attrition ASA.
Cognitive behavior therapy is based on a cognitive theory of psychopathology. When they do so, their distress usually decreases, they are able to behave more functionally, and especially in anxiety cases , their physiological arousal abates. Individuals also learn to identify and modify their distorted beliefs: their basic understanding of themselves, their worlds, and other people. These distorted beliefs influence their processing of information, and give rise to their distorted thoughts.
A model of teaching is a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curriculums long-term courses of studies , to design instructional materials, and to guide instruction in the classroom and other settings based on Joyce and Weil Models of Teaching 9th Edition by Bruce R. Julie R Ray. File sharing network.
Ultimately, clinical supervision is a process of individualised learning for supervisees working with clients.
As an incentive for school districts leadership theory in the field of educational administration and offers an interpretative critique. Get Book. The Council of Chief State School Officers published the first standards for educational leaders in , followed by a modest update in based on the empirical research at the time. There are several reasons. Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library.
Issues also arise when companies have an incentive to become increasingly deferential to management that have ownership stakes. Common examples of this relationship include corporate management agent and shareholders principal , elected officials agent and citizens principal , or brokers agent and markets buyers and sellers, principals. In fact the problem can arise in almost any context where one party is being paid by another to do something where the agent has a small or nonexistent share in the outcome, whether in formal employment or a negotiated deal such as paying for household jobs or car repairs. The principal—agent problem typically arises where the two parties have different interests and asymmetric information the agent having more information , such that the principal cannot directly ensure that the agent is always acting in their the principal's best interest,  particularly when activities that are useful to the principal are costly to the agent, and where elements of what the agent does are costly for the principal to observe see moral hazard and conflict of interest. Often, the principal may be sufficiently concerned at the possibility of being exploited by the agent that they choose not to enter into the transaction at all, when it would have been mutually beneficial: a suboptimal outcome that can lower welfare overall. The deviation from the principal's interest by the agent is called " agency costs ". The agency problem can be intensified when an agent acts on behalf of multiple principals see multiple principal problem.
There are three primary models of supervision that are presented below. These are: (1) developmental models, (2) integrated models, and (3) orientation-specific models. The underlying premise of developmental models of supervision is the notion that individuals are continuously growing.
Thus, clinical supervision is now recognized as a complex exchange between supervisor and supervisee, with supervisory models/theories developed to.Banetyder 11.12.2020 at 23:10
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