File Name: signs and symptoms of depression .zip
Depression is not only hard to endure, it is also a risk factor for heart disease and dementia. If you are experiencing mood or cognitive changes that last for more than a few weeks, it's a good idea to bring this up with your doctor or consult a mental health specialist to help sort out possible causes," says Dr. Nancy Donovan, an instructor in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. The four most common types of depression are major depression, persistent depressive disorder formerly known as dysthymia , bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
Major depressive disorder MDD , also known simply as depression , is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of pervasive low mood. Low self-esteem , loss of interest in normally enjoyable activities, low energy, and pain without a clear cause are common symptoms. The diagnosis of major depressive disorder is based on the person's reported experiences and a mental status examination. The most common time of onset is in a person's 20s and 30s,   with females affected about twice as often as males. The term major depressive disorder was introduced by a group of US clinicians in the mids. Major depression significantly affects a person's family and personal relationships , work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. A person having a major depressive episode usually exhibits a low mood, which pervades all aspects of life, and an inability to experience pleasure in previously enjoyable activities.
Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Depression article more useful, or one of our other health articles. NICE has issued rapid update guidelines in relation to many of these. This guidance is changing frequently. It is the most common psychiatric disorder and carries a high burden in terms of treatment costs, effect on families and carers and loss of workplace productivity. It may become a chronic disorder with ongoing disability, particularly if inadequately treated. To diagnose major depression, this requires at least one of the core symptoms:.
Depression is a mental disorder that is usually characterized by depressed mood, loss of interest in activities or pleasure, feelings of guilt and.
Depression is more than just feeling sad. Everyone feels low, upset, or unmotivated from time to time, but depression is much more than simply being down in the dumps. Depressive disorder is a mood disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels and behaves.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living. More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn't a weakness and you can't simply "snap out" of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both.
Depression has a variety of symptoms and causes, and it can be diagnosed and treated in different ways. It is important that nurses can recognise patients presenting with depression. This article comes with a self-assessment enabling you to test your knowledge after reading it. Depression is a common condition. It presents differently in each person, but common symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, loss of interest in things previously enjoyed, and reduced motivation and energy.
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In , around Losing a loved one, getting fired from a job, going through a divorce, and other difficult situations can lead a person to feel sad, lonely and scared. These feelings are normal reactions to life's stressors. Most people feel low and sad at times. However, in the case of individuals who are diagnosed with depression as a psychiatric disorder, the manifestations of the low mood are much more severe and they tend to persist. Depression occurs more often in women than men.
Sadness, feeling down, and having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities are familiar feelings for all of us. But if they persist and affect our lives substantially, the issue may be depression. It can affect adults, adolescents, and children.