File Name: figures of speech definitions and examples .zip
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Rather it is a quick reference drawn from other sources. Freely available websites such as those noted in the References contain much more detailed definitions and examples. This paper draws heavily on these resources. The purpose of this paper is to make available to writers — and readers — a summary of just a hundred terms in one place.
The items in bold face are listed in alphabetical order with definitions in Roman font and examples and further descriptions in Italics.
Alfred Lord Tennyson 2. Abstract ideas and principles using characters, figures, and events. All animals are equal but a few are more equal than others. George Orwell, Animal Farm 3. A number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew. A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme. John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn 5. A word, phrase, or statement that contains more than one meaning. Ambiguous words or statements lead to vagueness and confusion and shape the basis for instances of unintentional humor.
John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn 6. Ten thousand dollars to our general use. Shakespeare, Macbeth 7. A metrical foot consisting of two short or unstressed syllables followed by one long or stressed syllable.
The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold. Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib 8. A certain word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of clauses or sentences that follow each other. I came, I saw, I conquered. Julius Caesar 9. An inversion of the typical word order in a sentence. And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made: Nine bean-rows will I have there. A single word or phrase is repeated but in two different senses. Put out the light, then put out the light.
Shakespeare, Othello Two opposite ideas put together in a sentence to achieve contrasting effect. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.
Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities Attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non- human entities. Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever. Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. Spoken by the pig, Old Major. George Orwell, Animal Farm A disappointing end to an exciting or impressive series of events. He has seen the ravages of war, he has known natural catastrophes, he has been to singles bars.
Woody Allen, Speech to the Graduates Fair is foul and foul is fair. Shakespeare, Macbeth A statement that contains a truth revealed in a terse manner. Lord, what fools these mortals be! Addressing someone who is not present or is dead, or speaks to an inanimate object.
Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee! I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
The repetition of vowel sounds not just letters in words that are close together. The sounds don't have to be at the beginning of the word.
From what I've tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire. Robert Frost One or several conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses. An empty stream, a great silence, an impenetrable forest.
The air was thick, warm, heavy, sluggish. Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas, typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next.
An amusingly failed attempt at presenting artistic greatness. So past the strong heroic soul away. And when they buried him the little port Had seldom seen a costlier funeral. Alfred Lord Tennyson, Enoch Arden A work intended to cause laughter by caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works, or by ludicrous treatment of their subjects. Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal Talking in circles, using many more words than necessary.
She who must be obeyed. An expression so overused that it loses its original meaning or novelty. He is a diamond in the rough. The highest point of tension in a plot. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. A word or phrase that is not formal or literary and is used in ordinary or familiar conversation.
A device in which a writer compares or contrasts two people, places, things, or ideas. Comparisons may include: analogy, juxtaposition, metaphor, simile, pun, and allegory. Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 Uses an extended metaphor that compares two very dissimilar things. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red. Shakespeare, Sonnet A literary element that involves a struggle between two opposing forces, usually a protagonist and an antagonist.
To be, or not to be — that is the question. Any difference between two or more tangible or abstract entities, such as characters, settings, opinions, tones, and so on. Contrast generally involves a juxtaposition of two unlike things in order to showcase their differences.
To compare is to find things that are similar, while to contrast is to find differences. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. Martin Luther King, Jr. A long syllable followed by two short syllables Half a league, half a league, Half a league onward, All in the valley of Death Rode the six hundred.
A figure of speech is a mode of creating a great effect in words. It is stylistic devices that bring clarity in writing, vividness in ideas and beauty in expression. In order to express the words or phrases in a better way, we use figures of speech. It may be a simile, metaphor, personification, etc. There are numerous figures of speech.
Ages past i feel this day name tje firgure pf speech which is used in this sentence. You can try to use this service Evolution Writers. I have used it several times in college and was absolutely satisfied with the result. Nice informative figures of speech. Inspiring writings and I greatly admired what you have to say , I hope you continue to provide new ideas for us all and greetings success always for you.. Keep update more information.. CAT coaching in chennai.
A concise definition of Figure of Speech along with usage tips, an expanded Download this entire guide (PDF) Figures of Speech Examples in Literature.
A figure of speech is a deviation from the ordinary use of words in order to increase their effectiveness. It may be a simile, a metaphor or personification to convey the meaning other than the literal meaning. The figures of speech list is over a hundred but some commonly used types are given along with examples. In simile two unlike things are explicitly compared. A simile is introduced by words such as like, so, as etc.
Language can be used in two ways. These are the literal and figurative use of the word. However, when figuratively spoken, the meaning of any word or phrase will depend on the context in which it is used. A way of speaking is based on the rhetorical department or this figurative language.
A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. Though there are hundreds of figures of speech many of them included in our Tool Kit for Rhetorical Analysis , here we'll focus on just 20 of the most common figures. You will probably remember many of these terms from your English classes. Figurative language is often associated with literature--and with poetry in particular.
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This consists of expressing some fact or idea in a roundabout way, instead of stating it at once.LГ©on D. L. V. 30.12.2020 at 11:08
A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is used in a non-literal way to create an effect.