File Name: cause and effect of climate change .zip
During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. It is not scientifically possible to assign individual weather events to the current climate change, however, it can be statistically proven that global warming will increase the probability of extreme weather events. The indirect consequences of climate change, which directly affect us humans and our environment, include:. As the global climate is a highly interconnected system that is influenced by many different factors, the consequences usually result in positive or negative feedback effects.
During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. It is not scientifically possible to assign individual weather events to the current climate change, however, it can be statistically proven that global warming will increase the probability of extreme weather events. The indirect consequences of climate change, which directly affect us humans and our environment, include:.
As the global climate is a highly interconnected system that is influenced by many different factors, the consequences usually result in positive or negative feedback effects. This refers to developments that are self-enhancing due to the occurrence of certain conditions.
A common example is the ice-albedo feedback, which refers to the melting of the polar caps. According to this, extensive ice surfaces have a cooling effect on the global climate, as a high proportion of radiation is reflected.
As a result of the global rise in the average temperature, however, these ice surfaces begin to melt, the ice surfaces shrink and the amount of reflected radiation is reduced. At the same time, the area of land or ocean that has a significantly lower albedo will increase, reflecting less radiation and thus intensifying the actual cause of glacier melt.
Furthermore, scientists can calculate the so-called tipping points of individual subsystems of the global climate. The higher the global rise in temperature, the more the climate system is affected, so that at a certain point, despite significant efforts, a reversal in the process is no longer possible.
Where exactly these tipping points can be found, however, is currently still unclear and can only be calculated with a great degree of uncertainty. Such tipping points are expected for the melting of the polar caps and for the stability of important ocean currents.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Research has also evaluated actions that could be taken—and in some cases are already being taken—to limit the magnitude of future climate change and adapt to its impacts. In the United States, a series of reports by the U. Internationally, scientific information about climate change is periodically assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC , most recently in Much has been learned, and this knowledge base is continuously being updated and expanded with new research results.
What's the difference between global warming & climate change? Global warming is a long-term increase in annual average temperature for the whole Earth.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Climate change poses significant risks for a wide range of human and natural systems. Although the scientific process is always open to new ideas and results, the fundamental causes and consequences of climate change have been established by many years of scientific research, 1 are supported by many different lines of evidence, and have stood firm in the face of careful examination, repeated testing, and the rigorous evaluation of alternative theories and explanations. This chapter provides a brief overview of some basic facts about the risks posed by climate change see Box 2.
Climate change causes a variety of physical impacts on the climate system. The physical impacts of climate change foremost include globally rising temperatures of the lower atmosphere, the land, and oceans. Temperature rise is not uniform, with land masses and the Arctic region warming faster than the global average. Effects on weather encompass increased heavy precipitation , reduced amounts of cold days, increase in heat waves and various effects on tropical cyclones.
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Никто никогда не называл Джаббу дураком, свиньей - быть может, но дураком -. - Свою женскую интуицию ты ставишь выше ученых степеней и опыта Джаббы в области антивирусного программирования. Она взглянула на него с холодным презрением. Бринкерхофф поднял руки в знак капитуляции.
Врешь. Она ударила его подушкой. - Рассказывай. Немедленно.
Веревка даже не была как следует натянута. Халохот быстро осмотрел стодвадцатиметровую башню и сразу же решил, что прятаться здесь просто смешно. Наверняка Беккер не настолько глуп. Единственная спиральная лестница упиралась в каменную камеру квадратной формы, в стенах были проделаны узкие прорези для обозрения, но, разумеется, никакого выхода он не. Дэвид Беккер поднялся на последнюю крутую ступеньку и, едва держась на ногах, шагнул в крошечную каменную клетку.
Все предпринятые им меры оказались бесполезными. Где-то в самом низу шахты воспламенились процессоры. ГЛАВА 105 Огненный шар, рвущийся наверх сквозь миллионы силиконовых чипов, производил ни на что не похожий звук.
Сьюзан, - умоляюще произнес Стратмор, не выпуская ее из рук. - Я все объясню. Она попыталась высвободиться. Коммандер не отпускал .
Н-ну, - заикаясь начал он, и голос его внезапно задрожал. - Первым делом вы отдаете мне пистолет. И оба идете со .
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