File Name: philippine constitution peace and human rights issues and concepts .zip
Human rights are the basic rights inherent to all human beings from birth until death.
We, the Representatives of the Filipino people, lawfully covened, in order to establish justice, provide for common defense, promote the general welfare, and insure the benefits of liberty, imploring the aid of the Sovereign Legislator of the Universe for the attainment of these ends, have voted, decreed, and sanctioned the following:. Article 1. The political association of all Filipinos constitutes a nation, whose state shall be known as the Philippine Republic. Article 4. The Government of the Republic is popular, representative, alternative, and responsible, and shall exercise three distinct powers: namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judicial.
We, the Representatives of the Filipino people, lawfully covened, in order to establish justice, provide for common defense, promote the general welfare, and insure the benefits of liberty, imploring the aid of the Sovereign Legislator of the Universe for the attainment of these ends, have voted, decreed, and sanctioned the following:.
Article 1. The political association of all Filipinos constitutes a nation, whose state shall be known as the Philippine Republic. Article 4. The Government of the Republic is popular, representative, alternative, and responsible, and shall exercise three distinct powers: namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. Any two or more of these three powers shall never be united in one person or cooperation, nor the legislative power vested in one single individual. Article 5. The State recognizes the freedom and equality of all religions, as well as the separation of the Church and the State.
All persons born in the Philippine territory. A vessel of Philippine registry is considered, for this purpose, as part of Philippine territory. Children of a Filipino father or mother, although born outside of the Philippines. Those who, without such certificate, have acquired a domicile in any town within Philippine territory. It is understood that domicile is acquired by uninterrupted residence for two years in any locality within Philippine territory, with an open abode and known occupation, and contributing to all the taxes imposed by the Nation.
Article 7. No Filipino or foreigner shall be detained nor imprisoned except for the commission of a crime and in accordance with law. Article 8. All persons detained shall be discharged or delivered to the judicial authority within 24 hours following the act of detention. All detentions shall be without legal effect, unless the arrested person is duly prosecuted within 72 hours after delivery to a competent court.
The accused shall be duly notified of such proceeding within the same period. Article 9. No Filipino shall be imprisoned except by virtue of an order by a competent court.
The order of imprisonment shall be ratified or confirmed within 72 hours following the said order, after the accused has been heard. Article No one shall enter the dwelling house of any Filipino or a foreigner residing in the Philippines without his consent except in urgent cases of fire, inundation, earthquake or similar dangers, or by reason of unlawful aggression from within, or in order to assist a person therein who cries for help.
Outside of these cases, the entry into the dwelling house of any Filipino or foreign resident in the Philippines or the search of his papers and effects can only be decreed by a competent court and executed only in the daytime. The search of papers and effects shall be made always in the presence of the person searched or of a member of his family and, in their absence, of two witnesses resident of the same place.
However, when a criminal caught in fraganti should take refuge in his dwelling house, the authorities in pursuit may enter into it, only for the purpose of making an arrest. If a criminal should take refuge in the dwelling house of a foreigner, the consent of a latter must first be obtained. No Filipino shall be compelled to change his residence or domicile except by virtue of a final judgment. In no case may correspondence confided to the post office be detained or opened by government authorities, nor any telegraphic or telephonic message detained.
However, by virtue of a competent court, correspondence may be detained and opened in the presence of the sender. All orders of imprisonment, of search of a dwelling house, or detention of written correspondence, telegraph or telephone, must be justified. When an order lacks this requisite, or when the grounds on which the act was founded is proven in court to be unlawful or manifestly insufficient, the person to be detained or whose imprisonment has not been ratified within the period prescribed in Art.
No Filipino shall be prosecuted or sentenced, except by a judge or court of proper jurisdiction and according to the procedure prescribed by law.
Exept in the cases provided by the Constitution, all persons detained or imprisoned not in accordance with legal formalities shall be released upon his own petition or upon petition of another person. The law shall determine the manner of proceeding summarily in this instance, as well as the personal and pecuniary penalties which shall be imposed upon the person who ordered, executed or to be executed the illegal detention or imprisonment.
No one shall be temporarily or permanently deprived of rights or dstured in his enjoyment thereof, except by virtue of judicial sentence. The officials who, under any pretext whatsoever, should violate this provision, shall be personally liable for the damages caused. No one shall be deprived of his property by expropriation except on grounds of public necessity and benefit, previously declared and justified by proper authorities, and indemnifying the owner thereof prior to expropriation.
No one shall be obliged to pay any public tax which had not been approved by the National Assembly or by local popular governments legally so authorized, and which is not in the manner prescribed by the law. No Filipino who is in full enjoyment of his civil or political rights, shall be impeded in the free exercise of said rights. Of the right to freely express his ideas or opinions, orally or in writing, through the use of the press or other similar means.
Of the right of association for purposes of human life and which are not contrary to public morals; and lastly. Of the right to send petitions to the authorities, individually or collectively. The exercise of the rights provided for in the preceding article shall be subject to general provisions regulating the same.
Crimes committed on the occasion of the exercise of rights provided for in this title, shall be punished by the courts in accordance with the laws. Any Filipino may establish and maintain institutions of learning, in accordance with the laws authorizing them. Public education shall be free and obligatory in all schools of the nation. Foreigners may freely reside in Philippine territory, subject to legal dispositions regulating the matter; may engage in any occupation or profession for the exercise of which no special license is required by law to be issued by the national authorities.
No Filipino who is in full enjoyment of his political and civil rights shall be impeded in his right to travel freely abroad or in his right to transfer his residence or possessions to another country, except as to his obligations to contribute to military service or the maintenance of public taxes.
No foreigner who has not been naturalized may exercise in the Philippines any office which carries with it any authority or jurisdictional powers. All Filipinos are obliged to defend his country with arms when called upon by law, and to contribute to the expenses of the State in proportion to his means.
The enumeration of the rights provided for in this title does not imply the denial of other rights not mentioned. The prior authorization to prosecute a public official in the ordinary courts is not necessary, whatever may be the crime committed. A superior order shall not exempt a public official from liability in the cases which constitute apparent and clear violations of constitutional precepts.
In others, the agents of the law shall only be exempted if they did not exercise the authority. The guarantees provided for in Articles 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 and paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 20 shall not be suspended, partially or wholly, in any part of the Republic, except temporarily and by authority of law, when the security of the State in extraordinary circumstances so demands. When promulgated in any territory where the suspension applies, there shall be a special law which shall govern during the period of the suspension, according to the circumstances prevailing.
The law of suspension as well as the special law to govern shall be approved by the National Assembly, and in case the latter is in recess, the Government shall have the power to decree the same jointly with the Permanent Commission, without prejudice to convoking the Assembly without the least delay and report to it what had been done.
However, any suspension made shall not affect more rights than those mentioned in the first paragraph of this Article nor authorize the Government to banish or deport from the Philippines any Filipino. In the Republic of the Philippines, no one shall be judged by a special law nor by special tribunals. No person or corporation may enjoy privileges or emoluments which are not in compensation for public service rendered and authorized by law.
War and marine laws shall apply only for crimes and delicts which have intimate relation to military or naval discipline. No Filipino shall establish laws on primogeniture, nor institutions restrictive of property rights, nor accept honors, decorations, or honorific titles or nobility from foreign nations without the consent of the Government. Neither shall the Government establish in the Republic institutions mentioned in the preceding paragraph, nor confer honors, decorations, or honorific titles of nobility to any Filipino.
The Nation, however, may reward by special law approved by the Assembly, conspicuous services rendered by citizens of the country. Legislative power shall be exercised by an Assembly of Representatives of the Nation. The Members of the Assembly shall represent the who nation and not exclusively the electors who elected them.
No representative shall receive from his electors any imperative mandate whatsoever. The Assembly shall meet every year. The President of the Republic has the right to convoke it, suspend and close its sessions, and dissolve the same, within the periods prescribed by law enacted by the Assembly or by the Permanent Commission.
The Assembly shall be open at least three months each year, without including in this period the time spent in its organization. The President of the Republic shall convoke the Assembly, not later than the 15th day of April. In extraordinary cases, he may convoke the Assembly outside of the period fixed by law, as determined by the Permanent Commission, and prolong its law-making, provided the extended period does not exceed one month and provided further that such extensions do not take place more than twice during the same legislative term.
The National Assembly, jointly with the special Representatives, shall organize committees for the organization of the Assembly and for the election of the new President of the Republic, which shall be formed at least one month before the expiration of the term of office of the Representatives. In case of death or resignation of the President of the Republic, the Assembly shall meet in session by its own right or by initiative of the President or of the Permanent Commission.
In the meantime that the new President has not been chosen, his functions shall be exercised by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose office shall be taken over by one of the Justices of the Court, in accordance with law. Any session of the Assembly held outside the period of ordinary legislature shall be unlawful and void. The case provided in Article 30 and in which the Assembly has constituted itself into a Tribunal of Justice shall be excepted, but in the latter case no other functions shall be exercised except that pertaining to judicial functions.
The sessions of the Assembly shall be public. However, sessions may be held in secret upon petition of a certain number of its members fixed by the Rules, deciding afterwards by an absolute majority of votes of the members present if the discussion on the same subject has to continue in public.
The President of the Republic shall communicate with the Assembly by means of messages, which shall be read by a Department Secretary. The Department Secretaries shall have the right to be heard in the Assembly, upon their request, and they may be represented in the discussion of certain bills by Commissioners appointed by decrees of the President of the Republic. The Assembly may constitute itself into a Tribunal of Justice to hear and determine crimes committed against the security of the State by the President of the Republic and members of the Council of Government, by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and by the Solicitor General of the Nation, by means of a decree promulgating it, or by the Permanent Commission, or by the President of the Republic upon petition of the Solicitor General or Council of Government.
The law shall determine the mode and manner of the accusation, instruction, and disposition of the proceedings. No member of the Assembly shall be prosecuted nor held accountable for the opinions expressed by him, nor by the vote taken by him in the discharge of his office.
No member of the Assembly shall be prosecuted criminally without authority of the Assembly or of the Permanent Commission to which an immediate report of the facts shall be made, for its proper action. The imprisonment, detention, or apprehension of a member of the Assembly shall not be carried out without the prior authority of the same or by the Permanent Commission.
The moment the Assembly is notified of the order of imprisonment, it shall incur liability if, within two days following the notification, it does not authorize the imprisonment or give sufficient reason upon which the refusal is based. The National Assembly shall have the following additional powers:. To examine the legality of the elections and the legal qualifications of the elected members. Until the Assembly has been dissolved, the President, Vice-Presidents, and Secretaries shall continue to exercise their office for the period of four legislative terms; and.
To accept the resignations of its members and grant privileges in accordance with the Rules. No bill shall become law without having been voted on by the Assembly.
To approve a bill, the presence in the Assembly of at least one-fourth of the total number of the members whose elections have been duly approved and taken the oath of office shall be necessary. No bill shall be approved by the Assembly until after it has been voted upon as a whole and subsequently article by article. The Assembly shall have the right of censure, and each of the members the right of interpellation.
The initiative in the presentation of bills belongs to the President of the Republic and to the Assembly. Any member of the Assembly who accepts from the Government any pension, employment, or office with salary, is understood to have renounced his membership.
It is best to know and understand the important parts and sections about the Philippine Constitution and Republic Act Have enough knowledge about updates and current events happening in the government. Honestly, this part of the exam is kind of hard to many examinees because lots of us are not very familiar with the political terms, constitution, civil rights, old and new laws. Heck, we must know some from now on. We are sharing here some of the most common questions given in the Civil Service exam for the General information, Philippine Constitution and current events. The Senate shall be composed of how many senators elected at large by voters of the Philippines?
the ratification of the new Philippine Constitution that provided for the establish- ment of the motion of human rights; the program concept; the content of violations appear acceptable.7 ment, spirituality, peace, and universality of human.
Compiled information from all the applications in the review panel. Uploaded by. This reviewer is about General information. Graphs, charts and data 3. This General Information practice test is comprised of 50 questions in multiple choice format.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally agreed to be the foundation of international human rights law. Adopted in , the UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to us all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts, in societies suffering repression, and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights.
Section 1. The Congress shall give highest priority to the enactment of measures that protect and enhance the right of all the people to human dignity, reduce social, economic, and political inequalities, and remove cultural inequities by equitably diffusing wealth and political power for the common good. To this end, the State shall regulate the acquisition, ownership, use, and disposition of property and its increments. Section 2. The promotion of social justice shall include the commitment to create economic opportunities based on freedom of initiative and self-reliance. Section 3.
Revealed that human rights, peace education, conflict and dialogue are endorsed in the aims. Human rights and to a less degree conflict and dialogue.. While the concepts of human rights and peace are increasingly linked in the study Employees R. Concepts; and Environment Management and Protection. He declared, 'The common thread connecting all these issues is the need to respect The core concept of the United Nations when the Charter was drafted was that the
Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy. Section 9. The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all. Section The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution.
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Через пять лет, истратив полмиллиона рабочих часов и почти два миллиарда долларов, АН Б вновь доказало жизненность своего девиза. Последний из трех миллионов процессоров размером с почтовую марку занял свое место, все программное обеспечение было установлено, и керамическая оболочка наглухо заделана. ТРАНСТЕКСТ появился на свет. Хотя создававшийся в обстановке повышенной секретности ТРАНСТЕКСТ стал плодом усилий многих умов и принцип его работы не был доступен ни одному человеку в отдельности, он, в сущности, был довольно прост: множество рук делают груз легким. Три миллиона процессоров работали параллельно - считая с неимоверной скоростью, перебирая все мыслимые комбинации символов. Надежда возлагалась на то, что шифры даже с самыми длинными ключами не устоят перед исключительной настойчивостью ТРАНСТЕКСТА.
Присоединяются зарубежные налетчики! - крикнул один из техников. - Уже обо всем пронюхали. Сьюзан отвернулась от экрана ВР к боковому монитору. На нем бесконечно повторялась видеозапись убийства Танкадо.
Казалось, эта туша собирается что-то сказать, но не может подобрать слов. Его нижняя губа на мгновение оттопырилась, но заговорил он не. Слова, сорвавшиеся с его языка, были определенно произнесены на английском, но настолько искажены сильным немецким акцентом, что их смысл не сразу дошел до Беккера.
Мидж изумленно всплеснула руками. - И там и там уран, но разный. - В обеих бомбах уран? - Джабба оживился и прильнул к экрану. - Это обнадеживает: яблоки и яблоки. - Чем отличаются изотопы? - спросил Фонтейн.
Фонтейн был гигантом из гигантов, но Стратмора это как будто не касалось. Он отстаивал перед директором свои идеи со спокойствием невозмутимого боксера-профессионала. Даже президент Соединенных Штатов не решался бросать вызов Фонтейну, что не раз позволял себе Стратмор.
Слышались и другие голоса - незнакомые, ненужные. Он хотел их отключить. Для него важен был только один голос, который то возникал, то замолкал.
Двухцветный посмотрел на часы Беккера. Его лицо казалось растерянным. - Обычно я напиваюсь только к четырем! - Он опять засмеялся. - Как быстрее добраться до аэропорта. - У входа возьмешь такси.
Он был принят сегодня утром. Его карточка должна лежать где-то сверху. Беккер еще больше усилил акцент, но так, чтобы собеседница могла понять, что ему нужно, и говорил слегка сбивчиво, подчеркивая свою крайнюю озабоченность.
Consulenza e supporto tecnico nella gestione integrata dell'energia, promozione delle fonti energetiche rinnovabili.