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The term has since been widely used in media, communication, and culture research studies. It is on this premise that globalization has been revolutionized. Globalization is not a new concept but has changed drastically as a result of advanced communication and information technologies creating border less landscapes politically, economically, socially, and culturally.

Cultural globalization refers to the sharing of ideas, meanings, hobbies, and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. This has added to processes of commodity exchange and colonization which have a longer history of carrying cultural meaning around the globe.

Globalization and Culture - ResearchGate. Review of Globalization and Culture, by John Tomlinson. Globalization and Culture Nottingham Trent University. Globalization and Culture - jstor.

The cultural impact of globalisation: economic activity and social change

In this article, Douglas Bourn aims to outline current debates, recent research and policy initiatives in the United Kingdom UK on young people and their identity, particularly in relation to the impact of globalisation. It acknowledges the recent shifts in UK government policy statements relating to the importance for young people to understand and engage with issues concerning the wider world.

It also points out that for young people to make sense of their identity and develop a sense of belonging, establishing the relationship between global processes and local experiences is critical. The rationale for this is that whilst globalisation is now recognised as a key factor influencing the lives of young people, there has been little debate in development education on the relationships between identity and living in a global society. In the UK, like many western countries, globalisation is having a strong impact at social, economic and cultural levels; economic migration for example is spurring rapid social changes.

These changes are also often linked to the ambiguity about identity and sense of place in the world. Debates about identity in response to political devolution, increase in economic migration, global terrorism and the impact of the consumer culture have led to UK politicians, for example, promoting the need for a major debate on Britishness which has become linked to citizenship.

Young people are most directly affected by globalisation and therefore central to current debates on identity. The report was prompted by growing debates in UK society about the relationships between race, religion, culture and identities.

As Buonfino in a think piece for the Commission has commented:. Alongside the report are a series of more in-depth pieces of academic research that have been produced to explore notions of a sense of belonging and concepts of supra-diversity.

Belonging is a basic frame of reference that relates to human need. It is complex and linked to a desire to be part of a community, a family, a group or a gang. Beck discusses the issue of young people living and growing up in a world of risk and uncertainty Beck, ; For example, the workplace is no longer a place of permanence with bonds of identity and loyalty and sense of purpose. This uncertainty varies according to cultural and social contexts, leading to the question of whether many young people have the cultural and financial resources to offset the risks associated with these shifts towards a lack of stability in the workplace Harvey, Ray points out that globalisation creates increased hybridism and differentiation, and overall a more complex and fluid world.

Living in a globalised world, he suggests, does not create homogeneity and polarisation but rather a creative and eclectic mix of identities.

The integration of global cultural influences into local identities can be seen within the UK, particularly through consumer culture. Consumption is a major force that socialises children and young people, with, for example, 75 per cent of year olds having access to the internet and 80 per cent having use of a mobile phone DCSF, Globalisation has also contributed to the expansion of the choices available to young people.

But on what criteria and with what knowledge, skills and values base do young people make these choices? There is a tendency, often re-enforced through opinion surveys involving young people, that considers the effects of globalisation to be unstoppable, and that it is a process young people react to rather than actively negotiate Harvey, ; MORI, Linked to this is an assumption that young people are merely the passive recipients or vulnerable victims of global change. Although young people are not powerless in respect to global change, their economic position is such that they are more vulnerable than many other social groups to the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and cultural globalisation.

Conversely, as already mentioned, young people are often at the forefront of technological and cultural changes that might be associated with globalisation. Not surprisingly they are using the wide span of global media to express themselves. Many young people have adopted a worldview in which the whole globe represents the key arena for social action Mayo, They are frequently seen as being at the heart of campaigns such as Make Poverty History and that on climate change Darnton, ; Micklem, However, as Ang argues, being active is not necessarily the same as being powerful, and this is particularly true in the context of globalisation.

Young people are in one sense citizens of a global culture but at the same time struggle for a sense of acceptance in the local societies in which they live.

For youth, this is the ultimate paradox of globalisation. In recognition of these debates, the aim now is to look specifically at research and policy initiatives in the UK that forge connections between globalisation, identity, belonging and citizenship. Globalisation impacts upon young people in complex ways and forces them to constantly re-think and revise their sense of identity and place within society. In this context within the UK, the Ajegbo report is of considerable importance.

The report notes:. Key therefore to taking forward the debates, Ajegbo suggests, is the need for children and young people to:. They above all need to feel engaged and part of a wider multiethnic society.

What the Ajegbo report notes, is that identities are not only linked to cultural heritage, but also to where people work, to their leisure activities and consumption patterns. This is particularly important for young people whose consumer behaviour is strongly linked to their self-perception. But as mentioned already, young people are not just passive recipients of this consumer culture and globalisation.

They adapt and recreate in their own image, with their peers and other cultural and geographical influences, and develop identities that reflect this complexity. The internet and use of new technologies have been a major factor in enabling young people to recreate their own identities France, In his work with young people in North East England, Nayak poses interesting questions regarding the impact of globalisation.

Three models of unique sub-cultures are identified from his research with young people:. Key to this research is the importance they feel of a sense of belonging; and that they must negotiate and adapt global influences and processes in order to create their own identities that have complex relationships with their own locality. This issue of place and identity has been a source of debate and dialogue in many communities in the UK in recent years. For example, the emergence of a postcode mentality as a way of defining who you are alongside other identities:.

Linked to this creation of specific spatial identities is the need to have roots and a location because, as Ajegbo has stated, reinforcing much of the recent literature, many indigenous white pupils have negative perceptions of their own identity. Maylor and Read have noted how these multiple and complex identities, notions of hybridism, can represent as much a sense of positive reclamation as well as a sense of exclusion.

These complex notions of identity and place contrast with notions of fragmentation of communities that resulted in racial and cultural tensions in the s and s.

It is not suggested here that these tensions have disappeared, more that communities and cultures are now much more multi-layered than they were in the past. Young people in the UK cannot be reduced to a series of types of identity that are locally, culturally, economically or socially defined. Young people reproduce their own identities, influenced by an array of factors, in part as a defence mechanism to the rapidly changing world in which they are living but also as a way of making statements about who they are and how they perceive themselves within their peer groups and communities.

This reveals that the UK is more than a multicultural society but rather needs to be recognised as a society that is diverse, complex and open to a wide range of global influences and processes that will impact upon young people in many ways and forms.

Taking into account this multi-layered and complex sense of identities how do young people relate to and engage within the wider world? This question has been reflected in academic debates regarding how young people see themselves in the context of globalisation - as cosmopolitan or as global citizens. A key starting point is the work of Osler and Starkey who summarise the issues and debates regarding identity and citizenship in the context of a rapidly changing world.

They see citizenship as being about status, feelings and practice. From empirical research conducted with young people in Leicester, Osler and Starkey found that school students saw their identity as being local, as part of a community but not necessarily of a city. Weller suggests that these have opened up new spaces and forms of identity that take no account of the nation state:. Kenway and Bullen also refer to the influence of cyberspace and the importance of young people being not only observers, but also critical engagers in understanding the wider world.

Key to the project is moving beyond multiculturalism to an understanding and engagement with another culture from a wider community cohesion and global perspective.

Being different, is NOT a curse: I love being different! Key to this example is the recognition of the need to make connections not only between the local and global, but also between identities and cultures. Challenges for working with young people. The debates raised in this paper have specific significance to current discussions on the role of the youth service and how the informal education sector supports the needs of young people.

To do this, policy-makers must first understand how global social, economic and cultural influences impact at a local, community level. This requires policy-makers and practitioners to give greater consideration to the relationship of globalisation to identity and a sense of belonging, and the implications this relationship has for national policies and programmes.

Moreover, to enable young people to make sense of the complex nature of the world around them, they need the opportunities to learn, engage and make sense of how the global impacts upon them. As previously indicated, there is evidence to suggest that young people are not mere passive recipients of global consumerism, but astutely re-create in their image their own version of a global theme or trend, often through locally constructed identities.

Thirdly, the whole area of identities is complex and fraught with many social, cultural and political difficulties. But if this is linked to how young people belong and engage, then youth work can be seen as playing a key role in exploring these links.

Fourthly, debates about identities and belonging cannot be divorced from discussions about the relationship between local, national and global levels. What this study has identified is that young people construct their own sense of who they are in response to all three levels, and in the UK context, perhaps the most challenging is the national identity.

It has been suggested that the debates on young people and identity can only be fully understood if there is recognition of the impact of globalisation and the multi-layered nature of the economic, social and cultural influences on their lives. Development education and initiatives such as global youth work perhaps need to give greater consideration as to the role identities and a sense of belonging play in enabling young people to make sense of the world in which they are living.

Burbules, N and Torres, C eds. Held, D and McGrew, A eds. Globalization and Its Discontents, Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp. He can be contacted by email at: d. Skip to main content. Young people, identity and living in a global society 7. Development Education and Research. Click to download. Douglas Bourn. Young people and identity Globalisation impacts upon young people in complex ways and forces them to constantly re-think and revise their sense of identity and place within society.

Young people and global citizenship Taking into account this multi-layered and complex sense of identities how do young people relate to and engage within the wider world? Challenges for working with young people The debates raised in this paper have specific significance to current discussions on the role of the youth service and how the informal education sector supports the needs of young people. Beck, U What is Globalization? London: Arcadia Books.

Young people, identity and living in a global society

Professor John Tomlinson produces world-leading research on the cultural dimensions of the globalization process. His research findings influence policy at an international level, shape professional and public understanding of the consequences of globalization and encourage public debate about international cooperation. He has shaped cultural practitioners' understanding of the cultural consequences of globalization through presentations to cultural bodies such as Impakt Arts Festival Utrecht and the Royal Institute of British Architects RIBA. Tomlinson has conducted work on the cultural dimensions of globalization at Nottingham Trent University since The first major outcome was the publication of the influential Globalization and Culture Polity Press, This was the first study to attempt to interpret the cultural dimensions — as distinct from the economic, technological and political dimensions — of the globalization process. Situating itself theoretically at the interface between sociology and cultural analysis, the book and the body of work which followed analyses and interprets both the impact of globalization in the sphere of culture, and the role of culture in the constitution of the dynamics of globalization itself.

Globalization - Approaches to Diversity. Transnational flows of people, financial resources, goods, information and culture have recently been increasing in a drastic way and have profoundly transformed the world Ritzer and Malone, This phenomenon has been labeled globalization. As a result, a great deal of debate and discussion, even controversy Bird and Stevens, has taken place about globalization in various disciplines from different angles. In fact, there seems to be a controversy in regards to globalization and the contradictory meanings associated with it.

Access options available:. Journal of World History Cambridge, Oxford: Polity Press, Globalization and Identity: Dialectics of Flow and Closure. Oxford and Malden: Blackwell Publishers, World historians do not seem to have much interest in the debate on globalization. This might be due to their "natural" aversion to postmodernism, latest fashions, and hypes.

Globalization and Culture: The Three H Scenarios

John Tomlinson The agenda before us in this colloquium is both an extensive and a tough one. Although our immediate focus is European culture, as we are all aware, this can only be understood in the context of more general questions about the nature of modern, increasingly globalized cultures. Our deliberations therefore necessarily range across : the issue of the constitution of cultural identity, the question of cultural universalism and human rights, the way to address religious fundamentalism, how to account for new ways of social interaction, the impact of globalization, the new information culture and knowledge-based society. Frankly, I would strongly advise my postgraduate students against tackling anything more than fraction of this agenda in the three or four years of study for a PhD - and we have a little under two days.

Cultural globalization

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Globalization and Culture

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The cultural impact of globalisation: economic activity and social change

3 Comments

Grolbackspecan 25.12.2020 at 07:22

Globalization and Cultural Identity. John Tomlinson. It is fair to say that the impact of globalization in the cultural sphere has, most generally, been viewed in a.

Emmanuel L. 27.12.2020 at 06:40

In this article, Douglas Bourn aims to outline current debates, recent research and policy initiatives in the United Kingdom UK on young people and their identity, particularly in relation to the impact of globalisation.

Duckdecleapas 28.12.2020 at 22:41

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