File Name: tube and rail map london .zip
This up-to-date and easy-to-use London Tube map covers all nine travel zones, including zone 1, which covers central London.
Whether you're an overseas visitor in London on vacation, or a UK citizen visiting the capital for the first time, the London Underground is an efficient and economical way of getting around. However it can be confusing if you've never used it before. This is totally unofficial, and unconnected to Transport for London.
With excellent color printing, classic British railroad typography by Edward Johnson , and, in the modern style, only horizontal, vertical, and 45 degree lines, the map became a beautiful organizing image of London. For apparently quite a number of people, the map organized London rather than London organizing the map. Despite 70 years of revision due to extensions of the Underground and bureaucratic tinkering the marketing department wrecked the map for several years , the map nicely survives to this day. Later European and American knock-offs did not succeed at all.
The Tube map sometimes called the London Underground Map or the TfL Services Map is a schematic transport map of the lines, stations and services of the London Underground , known colloquially as "the Tube", hence the map's name. The first schematic Tube map was designed by Harry Beck in As a schematic diagram, it shows not the geographic locations but the relative positions of the stations , lines , the stations' connective relations and fare zones.
The basic design concepts have been widely adopted for other such maps around the world  and for maps of other sorts of transport networks and even conceptual schematics. A regularly-updated version of the map is available from the official Transport for London website. As London's early transport system was operated by a variety of independent companies, there were no complete maps of the network, just for the individual companies' routes. The maps were not typically schematic and were simply the line overlaid on a regular city map.
There was no integration of the companies' services or any co-operation in advertising. It was the first map to show all of the lines with equal weight being given to each line, and it was the first map to use a different colour for each line.
Another early combined map was published in by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London UERL in conjunction with four other underground railway companies that used the "Underground" brand as part of a common advertising factor. A geographical map presented restrictions since for sufficient clarity of detail in the crowded central area of the map required the extremities of the District and Metropolitan lines to be omitted and so a full network diagram was not provided.
The problem of truncation remained for nearly half a century. Although all of the western branches of the District and Piccadilly lines were included for the first time in with Harry Beck 's first proper Tube map, the portion of the Metropolitan line beyond Rickmansworth did not appear until , and the eastern end of the District line did not appear until the mids. The route map continued to be developed and was issued in various formats and artistic styles until , when, for the first time, the geographic background detail was omitted in a map designed by MacDonald Gill.
The routes became more stylised but the arrangement remained, largely, geographic in nature. The edition was the last geographic map to be published before Beck's diagrammatic map was introduced.
The first diagrammatic map of London's rapid transit network was designed by Harry Beck in That approach is similar to that of electrical circuit diagrams although they were not the inspiration for Beck's map. His colleagues pointed out the similarities, however, and he once produced a joke map with the stations replaced by electrical circuit symbols and names, with terminology such as " Bakerlite " for the Bakerloo line.
To make the map clearer and to emphasise connections, Beck differentiated between ordinary stations, marked with tick marks, and interchange stations , marked with diamonds.
London Underground was initially sceptical of his proposal since it was an uncommissioned spare-time project and was tentatively introduced to the public in a small pamphlet in However, it immediately became popular, and the Underground has used topological maps to illustrate the network ever since. Despite the complexity of making the map, Beck was paid just ten guineas for the artwork and design of the card edition five guineas for the poster. Beck's final design, in , bears a strong resemblance to the current map.
Beck lived in Finchley , North London , and one of his maps is still preserved on the southbound platform at Finchley Central station , on the Northern line. In , Beck's importance was posthumously recognised, and as of , this statement is printed on every Tube map: "This diagram is an evolution of the original design conceived in by Harry Beck". By , Beck had fallen out with the Underground's publicity officer, Harold Hutchison, who was not a designer himself but drafted his own version of the Tube map that year.
It removed the smoothed corners of Beck's design and created some highly cramped areas most notably around Liverpool Street station , and the lines were generally less straight. In , the design of the map was taken over by Paul Garbutt, who, like Beck, had produced a map in his spare time because of his dislike of the Hutchison design. Garbutt's map restored curves and bends to the diagram but retained Hutchison's black interchange circles, but squares were replaced with circles with a dot inside.
Garbutt continued to produce Underground maps for at least another year. Tube maps stopped bearing the designer's name in , when the elements of the map then had a very strong resemblance to today's map. Demuth's map did not replace the standard Tube map but continued to be published as a supplementary resource, later known as the "London Connections" map. Some alterations have been made to the map over the years.
More recent designs have incorporated changes to the network, such as the Docklands Light Railway and the extension to the Jubilee line. The map has also been expanded to include routes brought under Transport for London control such as TfL Rail and to note the Tube stops that connect with National Rail services, links to airports and River Services. In some cases, stations within short walking distance are now shown, often with the distance between them, such as Fenchurch Street 's distance from Tower Hill an evolution of the pedestrian route between Bank and Monument stations , which was once prominently marked on the map.
Further, step-free access notations are also incorporated in the current map. In addition, the fare zones have been added to help passengers judge the cost of a journey. Nevertheless, the map remains true to Beck's original scheme, and many other transport systems use schematic maps to represent their services that are likely inspired by Beck.
A facsimile of Beck's original design is on display on the southbound platform at his local station, Finchley Central. Despite the large number of versions over the years, the perception of many users is that the current map somehow actually is, more or less, Beck's original version from the s, a testament to the effectiveness of his design.
Beck actually drew versions with other formats, One of the major changes to be made to the revision of the Tube map put out in September was the removal of the River Thames. Although historically, the river was not present on several official maps for example, according to David Leboff and Tim Demuth's book; in , and and from it was absent for several years on pocket maps designed by MacDonald Gill. The Thames-free version was the first time that the river did not appear on the Tube map since the Stringemore pocket map of The latest removal resulted in widespread international media attention,   and general disapproval from most Londoners as well as from the then Mayor of London , Boris Johnson.
In more recent years, TfL has expanded its rail services, notably with the expansion of the London Overground network, which has taken over a number of National Rail lines and brought them into the TfL network, each of them being converted lines being added to the Tube map. Further additions have been made such as the Emirates Air Line cable car and the boundaries of fare zones.
Some commentators have suggested that Beck's design should be replaced with a new design that can incorporate the new lines more comfortably. The designers of the map have tackled a variety of problems in showing information as clearly as possible and have sometimes adopted different solutions. The font for the map, including station names, is Johnston , which uses perfect circles for the letter 'O'.
That is historic and the generic font for all TfL uses from station facades to bus destination blinds. The table below shows the changing use of colours since Beck's first map. The current colours are taken from Transport for London's colour standards guide,  which defines the precise colours from the Pantone palette and also a colour naming scheme that is particular to TfL.
Earlier maps were limited by the number of colours available that could be clearly distinguished in print. Improvements in colour printing technology have reduced that problem and the map has coped with the identification of new lines without great difficulty. Pecked lines have at various times indicated construction, limited service, or sections closed for renovation. From the start, interchange stations were given a special mark to indicate their importance, but its shape has changed over the years.
In addition, since , marks were used to identify stations that offered connections with British Rail now National Rail. The following shapes have been used:. Since the map has used a reversed red on white British Rail "double arrow" beside the station name to indicate main line interchanges. Where the main line station has a different name from the Underground station that it connects with, since this has been shown in a box. The distance between the Tube station and the main line station is now shown.
Contemporary maps have marked stations offering step-free access with a blue circle containing a wheelchair symbol in white. Since , stations with a nearby interchange to river bus piers on the Thames have been marked with a small boat symbol to promote London River Services. When Eurostar services used Waterloo International , the Eurostar logo was shown next to Waterloo station. In November , the terminus was transferred to St Pancras International.
The Tube map aims to make the complicated network of services easy to understand, but it is not possible to have complete information about the services that operate on each line. Limited-service routes have sometimes been identified with hatched lines, with some complications added to the map to show where peak-only services ran through to branches such as that to Chesham on the Metropolitan line.
The number of routes with a limited service has declined in recent years, as patronage has recovered from its earlys low. As there are now fewer restrictions to show, most of the remaining ones are now indicated in the accompanying text, rather than by special line markings.
The Tube map exists to help passengers navigate the London rapid transit network, and whether it should play a wider role in helping people navigate London itself has been questioned. The question has been raised as to whether mainline railways should be shown on the map, particularly those in Inner London. The Underground has largely resisted adding additional services to the standard Tube map and instead produces separate maps with different information, including:.
The maps showing all the National Rail routes provide useful additional information at the expense of considerably increased complexity, as they contain almost stations.
When Transport for London expanded its London Overground service to include the East London Line in , the East London line, extended to Croydon, changed from a solid orange line to a double orange stripe. According to proposals, the addition of the South London Line to London Overground was supposed to cause the southern loop to be added to future Tube maps in late ,  and, as of May , it is up and running.
Like many other rapid transit maps,   because the Tube map ignores geography, it may not accurately depict the relative orientation and distance between stations. Transport for London formerly published several bus maps that depicted the approximate paths of tube routes relative to major streets and London bus routes.
Internet mapping services such as Google Maps offer a "Transit Layer" showing actual routes superimposed on the standard street map. The success of the Tube map as a piece of information design has led to many imitations of its format. What is probably the earliest example is the Sydney Suburban and City Underground railway map of It follows Beck's styling cues, and in size, design and layout, it is nearly a clone of the London map of the late s, right down to the use of the Underground roundel.
Tube and rail lines are not included, but interchanges are denoted with appropriate symbols by bus stop names, such as the Tube roundel. Unlike the traditional Tube map, the bus maps display services appropriate to specific transport hubs rather than a full network.
Each map also contains a central rectangle of a simple geographically-accurate street map to display the positions of bus stops; outside the rectangle, the only geographic feature to appear on the bus maps is the River Thames. The maps are also available for electronic download, with map collections ordered by London borough councils.
An isochrone map of the network was made available in In , British Waterways produced a map of London's waterways in a Tube-style diagrammatic map, depicting the River Thames , the various canals and subterranean rivers in the city. Attempts to create alternative versions to the official Tube map have continued.
In June , the British designer Mark Noad unveiled his vision for a more 'geographically accurate' London Underground map. His design, based on a series of concentric circles, emphasised the concept of the newly completed orbital loop surrounding Central London with radial lines.
In July , a map of the network displaying walking calorie burn information for each leg was published by Metro newspaper. The design has become so widely known that it is now instantly recognisable as representing London.
It has been featured on T-shirts, postcards and other memorabilia. In , the design came second in a televised search for the most well-known British design icon. Stylistic aspects of the London diagram, such as the line colours and styles and the station ticks or interchange symbols, are also frequently used in advertising.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Geographically accurate tube maps are nothing new — in fact. TfL has previously released its own one into the wild. What designer Mark Noad has done is a little different: his latest tube map is still heavily inspired by Harry Beck's circuit diagram-esque map. But look closer and you'll notice that stations are positioned so they are more geographically accurate in relation to one other. See, for example, in the lead image, how the Central line starts sloping downward from Marble Arch to Lancaster Gate and Queensway — whereas on the official map, a straight line is retained all the way to Ealing Broadway. Says Noad: "It is intended to help people, particularly those unfamiliar with the city, to relate the underground system to London at street level. Noad previously released one of these maps in , but this latest edition anticipates the Northern line extension and the much-blighted Elizabeth line or, as we'll continue to call it until it opens, Crossrail.
Tube Map prepares you for the journey ahead with line status updates, real-time routing to anywhere in London and of course the latest official Tube Map from Transport for London. Tube Map includes the latest official Transport for London map, based on the iconic Harry Beck design. The Tube network is constantly changing, from closed stations to the addition of entire lines hello TfL Rail! Need help planning something to do in London or have questions about using the London Underground? Read the Mapway Travel Guide to London.
One of the aspects of this duty is releasing the official maps and it is these that should be consulted. When you are in London you will be able to pick-up hard copies of the maps at the various information centres. The most popular map by far is the London Underground map which you will find at most underground stations in dispensers in the public areas. These are free.
Tube Map. Search this site. London Metro Map. London Subway Map.
Use our maps in your image brochures and travel catalogues, or on your website. An LO or TfL Rail station can be entered by its 3-digit code, provided that the code donot coincide with the starting letters of any station.
Да, панк, - сказала Росио на плохом английском и тотчас снова перешла на испанский. - Mucha joyeria. Вся в украшениях. В одном ухе странная серьга, кажется, в виде черепа.
Вы правы, сэр. Но он не искал глазами убийцу. Жертва всегда ищет глазами убийцу. Она делает это инстинктивно. Фонтейна эти слова озадачили.
Это ты, приятель? - Он почувствовал, как рука незнакомца проскользнула к его бумажнику, чуть ослабив хватку. - Эдди! - крикнул. - Хватит валять дурака. Какой-то тип разыскивал Меган. Человек не выпускал его из рук.
A. Abbey Road. F3. Abbey Wood. G4. Acton Central. B3. Acton Main Line. B3. Acton Town. B3. Addington Village. E6. Addiscombe. E6. Albany Park. G5. Aldgate.
Это новейшее оружие, направленное против разведслужб. Если эта программа попадет на рынок, любой третьеклассник, имеющий модем, получит возможность отправлять зашифрованные сообщения, которые АНБ не сможет прочесть. Это означает конец нашей разведки.
На экране стремительно сменяли друг друга цифры и диаграммы, как будто кто-то скользил рукой по клавишам управления. Несколько операторов очумело перебегали от одного терминала к другому, волоча за собой распечатки и отдавая какие-то распоряжения. В помещении царила атмосфера полного хаоса.
Tube and Rail Map.Anahid P. 21.12.2020 at 08:37
Tube Map - London Underground works both on and offline and is the 1 Tube Map with over 20 million downloads!Mueprisalig 22.12.2020 at 01:32
The Tube map sometimes called the London Underground Map or the TfL Services Map is a schematic transport map of the lines, stations and services of the London Underground , known colloquially as "the Tube", hence the map's name.Comforte B. 26.12.2020 at 22:01
The divine name jonathan goldman pdf 1999 acura tl owners manual pdfSophie M. 28.12.2020 at 02:56
DLR. London Overground. TfL Rail. Piccadilly. Waterloo & City. (Closed until further notice). Jubilee. Hammersmith & City. Northern. District. Emirates Air Line.