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Pride and Prejudice , romantic novel by Jane Austen , published anonymously in three volumes in A classic of English literature , written with incisive wit and superb character delineation, it centres on the turbulent relationship between Elizabeth Bennet, the daughter of a country gentleman, and Fitzwilliam Darcy , a rich aristocratic landowner. Pride and Prejudice is a romantic novel by Jane Austen , published anonymously in three volumes in
Austen began writing the novel in at the age of twenty-one but the publishing company refused to even consider it. Between and Pride and Prejudice was rewritten for publication. Pride and Prejudice, published in , is Austen's earliest work; and in some sense also one of her most mature works.
While the original ideas of the novel come from a girl of 21, and final version has the literary and thematic maturity of a thirty-five year old woman who has spent years painstakingly drafting and revising.
From 21 years old to 35 girl of 21, and final version has the literary and thematic maturity of a thirty-five year old woman who has spent years painstakingly drafting and revising.
From 21 years old to 35 years old, Austen didn't find her ideal man during these past years. As a 35 years old woman, her understanding of life and marriage must be much more profound than a 21 years old girl. She knew how hard the life was. But she still insisted on her views. She didn't comprise to reality. She would rather prefer to live alone than get married without love. Elizabeth Bennet is the heroine of Pride and Prejudice. To some extent, she is the spokesman of the author.
Elizabeth is born in a common middle class without plenty dowry, so it is difficult for her to marry a gentleman in Austen's time.
However, she gets very good education as a daughter of a gentleman. Reading widens her knowledge and sharpens her perception. Her easy, unaffected personality and lively talent cast a light on the arrogant and wealthy upper-class young gentleman-Darcy.
The novel begins with a series of misunderstandings between Darcy and Elizabeth and ends with Darcy and Elizabeth's true love. Darcy and Elizabeth's marriage presents us the power of true love, which overcomes class boundaries and prejudices. The emphasis of this novel lies in the perfect marriage that is arrived at the combination of physical life and mental life. Jane Austen was among the first English woman to break the male monopoly of novel writing.
Austen's works always focus on the everyday life rather than the important historical or political subjects. This might be called the limitation of Austen. In fact, in a broader sense, the big social problems can be perceived through the description of the daily life in the small town-a very narrow world. It is just from these unimportant domestic affairs of countryside that the social relations and class conditions of England at that time could be reflected.
As readers of today, her novels remain fresh, providing not only an enjoyable sight but an opportunity to examine human nature in a different historical setting. Thus, Jane Austen has enjoyed steadily growing popularity, especially in the 20 th century, and she has sometimes been ranked among the truly great English novelists by critics and literary historians.
Foreign Studies of Pride and PrejudiceThere are many scholars who have done such research. Among the so many scholars, Karen Newman suggests Elizabeth's love for Darcy as more consciously economic than fits with modern tastes. The romance plot does not conceal economic motivations; rather it is articulated with those motivations in a manner that reveals how desire is mobilized by drive.
Judith Newton recognizes that Jane Austen's novels can be read as supporting the conservative view of woman's role as ideally that of wife and moral guardian, and that the romance of Pride and Prejudice works as a compensatory fantasy for women's importance.
Adams Margaret deserves attention for his thorough research of Observations on Austen in Married Society. Works like Gregory's, Chapone's, Pennington's, and West's opened a wider and more specific discussion of Austen, advocating curricula that would best prepare the young woman for the role in life that each author considered proper.
They also advocated equal education along with greater opportunity for women to fill a greater variety of roles, both in the home and in society. Some researchers study the relations between marriage and money. For example, Ma Jinhai analyzes the fighting between money and marriage in his article. Some others center on the text from the linguistic viewpoints, such as speech act theory, semantics study ect.
Other researchers also study the marriage patterns. For example, Yu Xin puts forward that the marriage cases of most characters in the novel were very typical as all of the people's matrimonial value orientation are influenced by money. Nevertheless, less specialized study of Austen's Ideal man in Pride and Prejudice.
On the basis of all the former research, this thesis intends to address such problems: first, three features of Austen's ideal man; second, as a reader, what lesson can be drawn from this novel? Social BackgroundJane Austen lived in the first decades of the nineteenth century, generally known as the Regency period in England.
The society was highly stratified. In this period, social position tended to be established in terms of families, not individuals. The bourgeoisie and the proletariat were arising after Industry Revolution. In rural area, the nobility still possessed power and the squires still behaved submissively. With the development of capitalism, social stratums were subdivided delicately. Meanwhile, the concept of value had been converted yet that money became more and more important. In a word, at that time, the value of people counted on the possession of a fortune.
England always praises itself as a country of ladies, but in fact women were discriminated in Austen's time. If a woman from the gentry didn't marry and had no family members who could take her in and provide for her, often the only somewhat respectable alternative was to become a governess or a teacher in a school. Even those positions, however, lowered her social status, making it almost impossible for her to attract a husband who could provide for her adequately. To make matters worse, the income she could earn through such means was, in most cases, barely enough for survival.
Thus marriage to an economically respectable man was considered to be the only legitimate choice for most women of gentry or the aristocracy. It was a tradition that men inherited all fortune. Therefore, women had to obey and gain their life necessities through an adequate marriage. Obviously, this concept has a deep influence on Austen.
The intended marriage mentioned in the novel mainly concerns financial conditions and subsistence rather than love and appreciation. This also explains why Austen creates her ideal man to be a single man in possession of a good fortune. She was the seventh child of REV. George Austen, rector of Steventon, and was born in the parsonage of the village in She was educated at home, and passed her life quietly and cheerfully, in the doing of small domestic duties. She began to write at an early age, and seems to have done her work on a little table in the family sitting room.
When a visitor entered, she would throw a paper or a piece of sewing over her work, and she modestly refused to be known as the author of novels which we now count among treasured possessions.
Jane Austen herself had no portion and could not afford a handsome dowry, which apparently prevented one early mutual attraction from becoming anything serious. Later a fairly prosperous man proposed to her. However, her strong sense of independence and pursuit for spiritual happiness did not lead her to make a vulgar decision. Nevertheless, the life of an old maid could not be happy, either. Austen took it clearly that women were in a disadvantageous position when they had marriages based on fortune and social status.
Pride and Prejudice is about trivial matters of love, marriage and family life between country squires and fair ladies in Britain in the 18 th century.
The opening sentence of Pride and Prejudice-"It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife" -immediately establishes the centrality of advantageous marriage, fundamental social value of Regency England. The arrival of Mr. Bingley and the news of his fortune is the event that sets the novel in motion because it creates the prospect of a marriage of wealth and good connections for the eager Bennet girls.
The opening sentence has a subtle, unstated significance. In its declarative and hopeful claim that a wealthy man must be looking for a wife, it hides the real truth of such matters: a single woman must be in want of a husband, especially a wealthy one.
She is manifestly superior to the people in her environment. She perfectly deals with her own love and marriage, and gets her real happiness in the end. Elizabeth Bennet is Austen's favorite character. Austen embodies her personal value in her heroine and is delighted with the result.
So Austen writes to her sister about Elizabeth. Elizabeth is the author's spokesman. She shows her views about the ideal man A. Collins is the first one to propose to Elizabeth. He is Mr. Bennet's cousin, and also the successor of his property. He is an arrogant, conceited man. A fortune chance had recommended him to Lady Catherine de Bourgh when the living of Hunsford was vacant.
In a word, he is "a mixture of pride and obsequiousness, self-importance and humility man" Austen, , p. He intends to marry one of Mr.
Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike. With the publications of Sense and Sensibility , Pride and Prejudice , Mansfield Park and Emma , she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in , and began another, eventually titled Sanditon, but died before its completion. She also left behind three volumes of juvenile writings in manuscript, a short epistolary novel Lady Susan, and another unfinished novel, The Watsons. Her six full-length novels have rarely been out of print, although they were published anonymously and brought her moderate success and little fame during her lifetime.
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Pride and Prejudice is a romantic novel by Jane Austen, first published in The story charts the emotional improvement of the protagonist. Elizabeth Bennet, who learns the mistake of making hasty judgments and springs to appreciate the distinction between the superficial and the essential. The comedy of the writing lies in the depiction of manners, education, marriage, and cash during the British Regency period. Bennet of the Longbourn property has 5 daughters.
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