File Name: predicting athletic performance from cardiovascular indexes of challenge and threat.zip
This manuscript provides a critical review of the literature examining challenge and threat in sport, tracing its historical development and some of the current empirical ambiguities. To reconcile some of these ambiguities, and utilizing neurobiological evidence associated with approach and avoidance motivation c.
There was support for many of the 15 predictions in the TCTSA, with two main areas for reflection identified: to understand the physiology of challenge and to re-evaluate the concept of resource appraisals. This re-evaluation informs the TCTSA-R, which elucidates the physiological changes, predispositions, and cognitive appraisals that mark challenge and threat states. First, the relative strength of the sympathetic nervous system response is outlined as a determinant of challenge and threat patterns of reactivity and we suggest that oxytocin and neuropeptide Y are also key indicators of an adaptive approach to motivated performance situations and can facilitate a challenge state.
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Coffee P 3. Affiliations 3 authors 1. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. Challenge is related to superior performance in a range of tasks compared to threat, thus methods to promote challenge are valuable.
In this paper we manipulate challenge and threat cardiovascular reactivity using only resource appraisals, without altering perceived task demands between challenge and threat conditions.
Study 1 used a competitive throwing task and Study 2 used a physically demanding climbing task. In both studies challenge task instructions led to challenge cardiovascular reactivity and threat task instructions led to threat cardiovascular reactivity.
In Study 1, participants who received challenge instructions performed better than participants who received threat instructions. In Study 2, attendance at the climbing task did not differ across groups.
The findings have implications for stress management in terms of focusing on manipulating appraisals of upcoming tasks by promoting self-efficacy and perceived control and focusing on approach goals. Future research could more reliably assess the influence of similar task instructions on performance.
Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales Bandura Challenge and threat appraisals: the role of affective cues Blascovich Social "facilitation" as challenge and threat. Predicting athletic performance from cardiovascular indexes of challenge and threat Blascovich J. Title not supplied Blascovich The intensity of motivation Brehm Physiological markers of challenge and threat mediate the effects of performance-based goals on performance Chalabaev J.
A power primer. Show 10 more references 10 of Smart citations by scite. The number of the statements may be higher than the number of citations provided by EuropePMC if one paper cites another multiple times or lower if scite has not yet processed some of the citing articles. Explore citation contexts and check if this article has been supported or disputed. Psychophysiological responses of junior orienteers under competitive pressure. Challenge and threat imagery manipulates heart rate and anxiety responses to stress.
Cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat states predict competitive performance. Challenge and threat states: examining cardiovascular, cognitive and affective responses to two distinct laboratory stress tasks. Examining the antecedents of challenge and threat states: the influence of perceived required effort and support availability. Challenge or threat? Cardiovascular indexes of resilience and vulnerability to potential stress in humans.
There are few more demanding working environments than that faced by security and elite military personnel. The situations faced are uncertain, changeable and dangerous requiring accurate decision-making, skilled movement and co-ordinated action. Understanding how people respond psychologically and physiologically in demanding settings has been the focus of research that I and colleagues have undertaken over the last 10 years. We have explored the subtle psychological and physiological differences that indicate whether a person is challenged or threatened under demanding conditions, why a person who is challenged performs better, and how social interaction, leadership and lifestyle can influence these responses. The terms challenge and threat are used to describe psychological and physiological differences that relate to performance. When a person does not feel able to cope we see a threat response where there is little change in the volume of blood pumped by the heart and there is an increase in the resistance in the blood vessels. Our research programme, and those of others, has identified that cardiovascular reactivity has consistently predicted performance in a range of tasks under pressure.
International Journal of Sport Culture and Science. Year , Volume 6 , Issue 3, Pages - Zotero Mendeley EndNote. This study. Self-reported self-efficacy, control, achievement goals, life satisfaction,.
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There are few more demanding working environments than that faced by security and elite military personnel. The situations faced are uncertain, changeable and dangerous requiring accurate decision-making, skilled movement and co-ordinated action. Understanding how people respond psychologically and physiologically in demanding settings has been the focus of research that I and colleagues have undertaken over the last 10 years. We have explored the subtle psychological and physiological differences that indicate whether a person is challenged or threatened under demanding conditions, why a person who is challenged performs better, and how social interaction, leadership and lifestyle can influence these responses. The terms challenge and threat are used to describe psychological and physiological differences that relate to performance.
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Predicting athletic performance from cardiovascular indexes of challenge and These physiological challenge/threat indexes significantly predicted athletic to focus on themselves while performing a manual dexterity task caused them to.