File Name: nietzsche beyond good and evil.zip
Access options available:. Journal of the History of Philosophy
He attended the famous Pforta School, then went to university at Bonn and at Leipzig, where he studied philology and read Schopenhauer. When he was only twenty-four he was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basle University; he stayed there until his health forced him into retirement in While at Basle he made and broke his friendship with Wagner, participated as an ambulance orderly in the Franco-Prussian War, and published The Birth of Tragedy , Untimely Meditations —6 and the first part of Human, All Too Human ; two supplements entitled Assorted Opinions and Maxims and The Wanderer and his Shadow followed in and respectively.
Access options available:. Journal of the History of Philosophy Laurence Lampert's new book Nietzsche's Task offers a section-by-section commentary on one of Nietzsche's most influential works, Beyond Good and Evil. The challenge of such a project is to unify the commentary while doing justice to the range of discussions in the original. Lampert answers this challenge by subsuming his interpretation of each section to an overall interpretation of this work and of Nietzsche's philosophical enterprise generally.
Lampert argues that Beyond Good and Evil presents a political philosophy, aimed at a transformation of culture. Nietzsche advocates the rule of "new philosophers," a rare type of human being at a higher spiritual rank than most people.
Being a genuine philosopher himself, Nietzsche's insights are not accessible to everyone. Consequently, his writings are esoteric, their real import obscured from the common reader. The goal of philosophy is "to attain reasonable and comprehensive conclusions about the world" Nietzsche, accordingly, is not a skeptic. He articulates his own conclusion about the world in the teaching of the will to power, the foundation on which his other views are built.
Nietzsche seeks to liberate "the true" from morality, inverting Plato's restriction of "the true" to what can be subordinated to "the good. Some of the emphases in this interpretation will be familiar to those acquainted with the reading of Nietzsche given by Leo Strauss, whose influence Lampert repeatedly acknowledges. Those who are not persuaded by Strauss's interpretation will probably be unconvinced by many of Lampert's views as well.
Particularly controversial, in my opinion, is the view that Nietzsche is an esoteric writer. As evidence, Lampert points to Nietzsche's strategies of inciting the reader to draw certain conclusions.
But it is not obvious that Nietzsche aims to indoctrinate his intended audience. I would argue that Nietzsche aims to inspire independent thought without constraining it, a view that his emphases on agon, gay science, and perspectivism supports. One might also challenge the position that Nietzsche is an esoteric writer on the ground that it encourages unfalsifiable claims about Nietzsche's meaning. Passages that do not obviously support one's interpretation can be defused by analyzing them as masks for his esoteric doctrine.
Lampert's reading also suggests that Nietzsche's views were far more fixed than I find plausible. What others may read as Nietzsche's thought experiments, Lampert sees as devices for compelling philosophical readers to adopt his agenda. One might alternatively read Nietzsche, however, as a much more open-minded thinker, who frequently transcribes the processes of his thinking with the aim of engaging in an open-ended dialogue with his intended audience. Lampert's Nietzsche is not free-spirited.
Consistently, he translates ' freie Geist ' not as "free spirit" but as "free mind. Lampert insists that the free mind is actually "bound" to true judgments. Lampert also interprets Nietzsche as primarily a political philosopher, focused on society as a whole, rather than individual spirituality. Political themes may be emphasized in Beyond Good and Evil , but some of Nietzsche's other works focus much more prominently on individual psychology and spiritual development.
Given Nietzsche's emphasis on the importance of the individual and his characterization of Beyond Good and Evil as making a negative case against the lies of millennia, one might view the political as a means for the development of the superior individual, not the other way around. Although I disagree with many of the broad emphases of Lampert's interpretation, I applaud its challenges to certain platitudes about Nietzsche. I particularly appreciate its extended Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
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Want to get the main points of Beyond Good and Evil in 20 minutes or less? Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. He believes that one should reexamine anything he or she has ever learned, and nothing is exempt from this self-interrogation, including self-perception, societal teachings, and religion. Nietzsche believes that his truth comes from the intensity of his education. He studied Ancient Greek and modern philosophers, but he thinks little of newer philosophers because their ideas are untried and untested.
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Beyond Good and Evil (BGE) is often considered to be one of Friedrich. Nietzsche's greatest books.. Though it is by no means clear what criteria.
Nietzsche : Beyond Good And Evil Nietzsche is a vastly too complex and influential philosopher for us to treat well or fairly in this class, but his influence on Modern and Postmodern thinking is worth covering briefly, especially as his theory of the "Ubermensch" pertains to Conrad's Heart Of Darkness. This concept of knowledge is quite similar to Marx's definition of Ideology; the difference is the Marx's Ideology is rooted in economic relations and Nietzsche's concepts of morality are more broadly rooted in social order writ large.
It was first published in In Beyond Good and Evil , Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting dogmatic premises in their consideration of morality. Specifically, he accuses them of founding grand metaphysical systems upon the faith that the good man is the opposite of the evil man, rather than just a different expression of the same basic impulses that find more direct expression in the evil man.
Один из лучших в городе. - Да, - произнес голос. - Я знаю эту гостиницу. Она совсем. - Вот и прекрасно. Мистер Густафсон остановился. Наверное, он сейчас у .
Сьюзан заставила себя сесть. Она полагала, что Стратмор уже закончил телефонный разговор и сейчас придет и выслушает ее, но он все не появлялся. Пытаясь успокоиться, она посмотрела на экран своего компьютера. Запущенный во второй раз Следопыт все еще продолжал поиск, но теперь это уже не имело значения.
Стратмор отпустил створки двери, и тонюсенькая полоска света исчезла. Сьюзан смотрела, как фигура Стратмора растворяется во тьме шифровалки. ГЛАВА 63 Новообретенная веспа Дэвида Беккера преодолевала последние метры до Aeropuerto de Sevilla.
Moreover, BGE is supposed to provide an "introduction to the background of Zarathustra", as Nietzsche wrote to his editor.Jeanne B. 21.12.2020 at 20:15
Beyond Good and Evil. Friedrich Nietzsche. This eBook was designed and published by Planet PDF. For more free. eBooks visit our Web site at.Amarilla N. 22.12.2020 at 16:40
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Beyond Good And Evil. By: Friedrich Nietzsche. Part One: On the Prejudices of Philosophers. 1. The will to truth which will still tempt us to many a venture, that.